Early State Analogues and the Models of Early State Formation.
The paper maintains that the early state formation was only one of many versions of development of complex late archaic sociopolitical systems. The author analyzes complex non-state political systems, alternative to early state, which were quite comparable to the state as regards their complexity and posed a real alternative to the state for a rather long period of time. Such complex polities are designated as early state analogues. The very pathways to statehood had a few versions. One may group them into two main types: ‘vertical’ and ‘horizontal’ ones. Within the ‘vertical’ model the state formation took place directly from small pre-state polities to primitive statehood. Within the ‘horizontal’ model we first observe the formation of early state analogues, whereas later those analogues were transformed into states.