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Early State Analogues and the Models of Early State Formation.

P. 45-60.

The paper maintains that the early state formation was only one of many versions of development of complex late archaic sociopolitical systems. The author analyzes complex non-state political systems, alternative to early state, which were quite comparable to the state as regards their complexity and posed a real alternative to the state for a rather long period of time. Such complex polities are designated as early state analogues. The very pathways to statehood had a few versions. One may group them into two main types: ‘vertical’ and ‘horizontal’ ones. Within the ‘vertical’ model the state formation took place directly from small pre-state polities to primitive statehood. Within the ‘horizontal’ model we first observe the formation of early state analogues, whereas later those analogues were transformed into states.