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Найдены 972 публикации
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Kanaev E. IMEMO RAN, 2011.
Добавлено: 19 июля 2018
Houndmills: Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.

Сборник статей российских авторов, рассматривающих  различные аспекты российской политики после присоединения Крыма, в целом утверждающих, что такое развитие событий перекрывает перспективы модернизации страны.

Добавлено: 17 сентября 2015
Charap S., Drennan J., Kanaev E. et al. Washington: The International Institute for Strategic Studies, 2016.

This report is the culmination of a multi-year Track II initiative jointly organized by the Primakov Institute of World Economy and International Relations of the Russian Academy of Sciences (IMEMO) and the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS), with support from Carnegie Corporation of New York. The project brought together leading American and Russian experts on the Asia-Pacific for a dialogue on key regional issues. The participants in the meetings are listed below. While some of the participants provided feedback on drafts of this report, the content is solely the responsibility of the authors.

Добавлено: 15 июня 2016
Kanaev E., Дынкин А., Афонцев С. et al. M.: 2018.
Добавлено: 18 октября 2018
Volgograd: 2015.
Добавлено: 5 ноября 2015
Тульчинский Г. Л. СПб.: Санкт-Петербургский государственный университет, 2013.

Впервые с единой точки зрения осмысляются технологии брендинга в современном обществе. Брендинг понимается как формирование и продвижение комплексов социальных мифов различного уровня. Используются уникальные прорывные концепции и методики, разработанные на отечественном материале и успешно применяемые российскими и зарубежными компаниями. Особый акцент делается на социално-культурной сфере. 

Рассчитана на руководителей, менеджеров и специалистов по PR и рекламе, студентов и преподавателей управленческих специальностей и специализаций, слушателей и организаторов соот ветствующих курсов переподготовки и повышения квалификации, а также всех тех, кого интересуют информационно-коммуникативные технологии в сровременном обществе и проблемы повышения их эффективности.

Добавлено: 28 ноября 2013
Makarov I. A., Barabanov O. N., Bordachev T. et al. M.: Valdai Discussion Club, 2014.

In 2012, the Valdai International Discussion Club presented its report “Toward the Great Ocean or the New Globalization of Russia” for the political and expert communities in Russia and abroad. The present report, “Toward the Great Ocean-2”, is a follow-up on the previous one; it has taken into account the experience gained in implementing some of the recommendations contained in the first report and results of its broad discussion.

The authors of the present report hold that the shift of the center of gravity and the pivot of Russia’s foreign and foreign-economic policies toward the Asia-Pacific region is a natural and top-priority response to the challenge faced by the country in the global and diverse world of the 21st century. We have been witnessing an unprecedentedly fast shift of the center of the world economy and politics to Asia. Asia’s economic growth has become a “locomotive” driving many economies in the world, which have reoriented themselves to the supply of raw materials and goods to China, India and Southeast Asian countries. None of the leading states in the contemporary world can claim a truly global status without a strong presence in the Pacific. Russia, too, can and must use opportunities opened by the “Asian century.”

Добавлено: 27 апреля 2014
Karaganov S.A., Barabanov O.N., Bezborodov A. и др. М.: Международный Дискуссионный клуб "Валдай", 2015.

Работа посвящена процессу институционального и экономического устройства формирующегося макрорегиона Большой Евразии, получившей новый качественный стимул для своего развития в контексте Российско-Китайской Декларации от 8 мая 2015 г. о сопряжении проектов Евразийского экономического союза и Экономического пояса Шелкового пути.

Добавлено: 28 августа 2015
Blinkin M. Y., Koncheva E., Kulakov A. et al. Cham: Springer, 2016.

This volume discusses post-socialist urban transport functioning and development in Russia, within the context of the country’s recent transition towards a market economy. Over the past twenty-five years, urban transport in Russia has undergone serious transformations, prompted by the transitioning economy. Yet, the lack of readily available statistical data has led to a gap in the inclusion of Russia in the body of international transport economics research. By including ten chapters of original, cutting-edge research by Russian transport scholars, this book will close that gap. Discussing topics such as the relationship between urban spatial structure and travel behavior in post-soviet cities, road safety, trends and reforms in urban public transport development, transport planning and modelling, and the role of institutions in post-soviet transportation management, this book provides a comprehensive survey of the current state of transportation in Russia. The book concludes with a forecast for future travel development in Russia and makes recommendations for future policy. This book will be of interest to researchers in transportation economics and policy as well as policy makers and those working in the field of urban and transport planning. 

Добавлено: 19 октября 2016
Matveychev O. A., Belyakov A. 2015.

This book is about a facinating trip to ancient and modern Troy and about the fact that the Trojans defeated the Greeks and not the other way around, as is commonly believed. Also, we state the well-known Greek religion, with its specific anthropomorphism, was artificially created for political reasons; and soft power, information warfare, and the falsification of history do not constitute innovations – they are the oldest essential characteristic of Western thinking.  The book refutes the conventional wisdom that “history is written by the victors”. On the contrary, we have shown that the victors are those who have managed to write history

Добавлено: 29 декабря 2014
Belenky A. Heidelberg; NY; Dordrecht; L.: Springer, 2012.

This is the first book on the U.S. presidential election system to analyze the basic principles underlying the design of the existing system and those at the heart of competing proposals for improving the system. The book discusses how the use of some election rules embedded in the U.S. Constitution and in the Presidential Succession Act may cause skewed or weird election outcomes and election stalemates. The book argues that the act may not cover some rare though possible situations which the Twentieth Amendment authorizes Congress to address. Also, the book questions the constitutionality of the National Popular Vote Plan to introduce a direct popular presidential election de facto, without amending the Constitution, and addresses the plan’s “Achilles’ Heel.”  In particular, the book shows that the plan may violate the Equal Protection Clause from the Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution. Numerical examples are provided to show that the counterintuitive claims of the NPV originators and proponents that the plan will encourage presidential candidates to “chase” every vote in every state do not have any grounds. Finally, the book proposes a plan for improving the election system by combining at the national level the “one state, one vote” principle – embedded in the Constitution – and the “one person, one vote” principle. Under this plan no state loses its current Electoral College benefits while all the states gain more attention of presidential candidates.

Добавлено: 25 сентября 2012
Blank S., Alexander Lukin, Rozman G. Washington: Center on Global Interests, 2015.
Добавлено: 18 февраля 2016
Malashenko A. V., Nisnevich Y. A., Ryabov A. V. Berlin: Dialogue of Civilizations Research Institute, 2017.

Our era is closely connected with the ‘digital revolution’ that has irreversibly extended humanity’s capacity for progress. This is especially clear when one compares the digital revolution with innovations across the entirety of human history. Meanwhile, the topic of ‘barbarism’ remains on political agenda; this is a phenomenon antithetical to civilisational achievements. Barbarism is mentioned when discussing extremely aggressive inter-ethnic clashes and inter-religious conflicts and is used conceptually to signify destruction of historical and cultural monuments. Barbarism is also discussed in reference to something else: as a by-product of a contemporary civilisation that oversimplifies culture, the dissemination of ideas about the world, and the realities of humanity, and does so at the level of collective consciousness. The topic of barbarism is important for contemporary scientific agendas. Sociologists, psychologists, and ethnologists study issues relating to barbarism and try to find an explanation for its social roots, in order to better understand the nature of ethnic and religious conflicts, and the psychology behind terrorism. In this essay, we will approach barbarism from an academic point of view, as a complicated socio-cultural and political phenomenon, which has appeared across historical eras, regions, and civilisations in different ways. We examine two concepts of barbarism: the first, horizontal barbarism, which is closer to traditional interpretations of barbarism. The second is ‘vertical barbarism’ (Rathenau in Ortega y Gasset, 1929), which entails making social realities rougher, simpler, and more primitive. Whereas the first notion is related to direct clashes between different ethnic groups, religions, and civilisations, the second concept refers to complicated social processes, primarily involving powerful vertical mobility, with increasing opportunities for different groups of people to gain access to the advanced achievements of human civilisation. The contemporary era is unique: despite the massive technological progress associated with globalisation, which many argue is supposed lead to the unification and standardisation of social reality, discrepancies between social and economic patterns of life Dialogue of Civilizations Research Institute 2 remain, and different civilisations and political regimes interact with one another in complicated ways. In our research, we do not consider barbarism some sort of evil personified by ‘bad guys’, a notion that contradicts and hinders the ongoing progress of human civilisation. Such an approach might result in the illusion that barbarism can be easily eliminated. Adhering to such a fallacy must be avoided so that accurately informed decisions can be made. For the authors, barbarism, whether it is ‘horizontal’ or ‘vertical’, is a phenomenon inseparable from human civilisation’s development, and in most cases, is neither reactionary nor a ‘force of reaction’. The progress of human civilisation, while reducing the likelihood of barbarism, creates certain conditions for the its sudden appearance in unexpected and illogical circumstances. That is why the main goal of this essay is to understand the processes that lead to barbarism, and how barbarism can be weakened. We see the fight for the diminished influence of barbarism, and its consequent marginalisation, as a complicated process, based on a deep understanding of the mechanisms of barbarism’s evolution. Thus, we employ a historical approach that makes it possible to better understand the reasons for the increase in barbarous activity and helps reveal the characteristics of its evolution. The essay begins with a theoretical analysis of the phenomenon of socio-cultural and political barbarism. Then we analyse this with reference to specific historical periods,countries, and regions.

Добавлено: 18 октября 2017
Под редакцией: Е. Г. Ясин Кн. 2. М.: Издательский дом ГУ-ВШЭ, 2007.

Сборник составлен по итогам VIII Международной научной конференции "Модернизация экономики и общественное развитие", организованной Государственным университетом - Высшей школой экономики при участии Всемирного банка и Международного валютного фонда и проходившей 3-5 апреля 2007 г. в Москве. Рассматриваются роль общества в модернизации экономики, проблемы государственного управления, самоуправления гражданского общества, социальная политика. Для экономистов, социологов, юристов, политиков, а также студентов, аспирантов и преподавателей вузов. Книга может быть полезна всем, кто интересуется проблемами и перспективами реформирования российской экономики.

Добавлено: 16 января 2013
Под редакцией: О. В. Гаман-Голутвина, Л. В. Сморгунов М.: Российская ассоциация политической науки, 2012.

Сборник содержит материалы VI Всероссийского конгресса политологов (Москва, 22-24 ноября 2012 г.), содержание докладов и выступлений российских и зарубежный участников, включённых в научную программу конгресса, а также материалы III Форума молодых политологов. Всего было получено 948 заявок на участие в конгрессе (почти 698 заявок в основном конкурсе и 250 заявок на Форум молодых политологов). В данном издании опубликованы тезисы тех докладов, которые прошли экспертизу в соответствии с принятой в рамках конгресса РАПН процедурой.

Добавлено: 3 декабря 2012
Urnov M., Gudkov L. D., Pain E. A. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012.

В сентябре 2009 года Дмитрий Медведев представил термин, который должен был стать определяющим для целей его президентства: «модернизации». После того, как он оставил должность весной 2012 года, стало ясно, что никаких серьезных изменений такого рода не произошло, а общественное напряжение только возросло. Почему это так? И почему в посткоммунистической России сопротивление реформам было настолько серьёзным, причём не только в этом, но и в других случаях? Различные авторы этой книги, российские интеллектуалы, которые формируют подобные дискуссии в самой России, а также ведущие ученые из других стран, сосредоточили свое внимание на спорном характере концепции модернизации и препятствиях, которые возникли при попытке претворить ее в жизнь – препятствиях, которые в ближайшие годы обусловят сложную повестку дня для нового президента России.

Добавлено: 17 декабря 2012
Arzumanyan T., Hasanov A., Meerovskaya O. et al. Athens: Citronio, 2012.

«Белая книга» характеризует действующую политику в области науки, технологий и инноваций в странах-членах Европейского Союза и странах-соседях ЕС, а также в странах Центральной Азии. В публикации выявлены стоящие перед регионами вызовы и представлены рекомендации по укреплению научно-технического и инновационного сотрудничества между ЕС и странами региона Восточной Европы и Центральной Азии (ВЕЦА), предложен краткосрочный сценарий реализации этих рекомендаций с участием широкого круга заинтересованных организаций.

Результаты представленного в «Белой книге» исследования получены с использованием широкого набора инструментов: кабинетного исследования европейских программ и инструментов, интервью с представителями органов власти, исследователями и инноваторами в регионе ВЕЦА, обсуждений на четырех международных конференциях, на экспертных встречах по проблематике политики добрососедства ЕС и политики содействия и сотрудничества со странами Центральной Азии, а также на прочих мероприятиях и встречах. Проект текста «Белой книги» был представлен на международной конференции, а также прошел открытое обсуждение в сети Интернет, после чего в текст были внесены дополнительные изменения. Документ был подготовлен в ходе проекта Седьмой рамочной программы научно-технологического развития ЕС «Создание сети международного сотрудничества в сфере науки и техники с восточно-европейскими и центрально-азиатскими странами».

Добавлено: 10 декабря 2012
Gerasimova E., Бизюков П. В., Panimbang F. et al. L.: Rowman and Littlefield International, 2018.

В то время как в 90-х годах в большинстве частей мира рабочее движение в основном прекратилось и считалось устаревшими, в 21-м веке наблюдается всплеск новых и беспрецедентных форм забастовок и рабочих организаций. Сборник эссе в этой книге, охватывающей страны всего мира, дает представление о забастовках и сопротивлении рабочего класса в 21 веке. В рамках оригинальных тематических исследований книга рассматривает различные асекты рабочего движения, анализирует различные формы организации в ответ на новые социальные и экономические  вызовы, такие как реструктуризация работы и новые области инвестиций.

Добавлено: 31 мая 2018
Nureev R. M. New Delhi: Zaheer Science Foundation, 2012.

The economic crisis has uncovered three negative Russian tendencies that created institutional obstacles for market economy growth during the last decade: deepening of raw materials specialization, wear and tear of the equipment, gap in scientific and technical progress, and strengthening of the government. To stop these negative tendencies and overcome economic crisis it is necessary to reform developed institutes.

The major problem of the Russian economy is its low performance level. Overcoming development gap in comparison with developed countries will become possible only with the help of innovations. This means that process of generating and using Schumpeterian-type innovations should become the key factor of economic development. It is necessary to note that innovative activity of businessmen can be present in various forms. Depending on existing game rules business activity can get not only productive (J. A. Schumpeter’s creative destruction), but also unproductive (rent seeking) orientation.

The “Concept 2020” analyses the global challenges which Russia faces in its development that amplify high level of social inequality and regional differentiation, preservation of barriers to conducting enterprise activity, weak interrelation of education, science and business, absence of necessary competition in various markets and low level of social capital development. Under these conditions, as A. Gerschenkron wrote, the government becomes the leading factor of economic modernization, and it is its representatives that try to shape the concept of long-term socio-economic development of the country.

It is supposed that gross national product growth will be provided, mainly, by means of priority development of labour productivity and large capital assets investments. Our calculations show they considerably advance growth of productivity and gross national product, and that will lead to increase in a capital intensity of production and falling yield on capital investment. The arising gap between export and import, according to authors of the Concept, will be covered by the accruing inflow of foreign capital.

However the main drawback is the mechanism of maintaining  economic growth. Defining concrete aims of development is an important, but an insufficient condition. The institutional mechanism of private sector development stimulation is not developed at all. Meanwhile, sharp increase of expenses on social sphere will raise the question about budget spending. It can be reached either by increase in taxes or by public sector expansion.

In the report it is critically considered not only the official point of view, but also Porter M., Ketels K. “Competitiveness at the Crossroads: Choosing the Future Direction  of the Russian Economy”, «The forecast of innovative, technological and structural dynamics of Russian economy till 2030», and RAND Corporation report “The Global Technology Revolution 2020: Trends, Drivers, Barriers, and Social Implications” devoted to tendencies of development of 16 technologies in 29 countries and other forecasts.

In this paper we analyze institutional preconditions and possibilities of application of the concept of social market economy in the 21st century Russia. Basic elements of social market economy are personal liberty, social justice, and economic efficiency.

Personal liberty assumes trust strengthening between agents, development of guarantees of private property, and regular economic policy promoting freedom.

With social justice present market economy promotes social development and strengthens middle class. Democracy will allow to break administrative barriers and to create public control. Social justice also includes address support of vulnerable regions of Russia.

Economic efficiency should be directed towards creation and maintenance of competitive order, strengthening of antimonopoly activity and improving fair entrepreneur’s image. This will make Russia more attractive for workers from abroad and help it develop integrative relations with neighboring countries.

 All these measures will raise economic efficiency while creating preconditions for a fast overcoming of the crisis and increasing the well-being and the acceleration of economic development of Russia.

Добавлено: 13 марта 2013
Karaganov S. A., Jagdish B., Shyam S. et al. Cuts International, 2019.
Добавлено: 26 сентября 2019
Korotayev A. NY: The Edwin Mellen Press, 2004.

This book provides a cross-cultural analysis of traditional social organization of the Old World Oikumene civilizations, which suggest that the world religions were its major determinant. The role of Christianity and Islam as determinants of social evolution is analyzed in more detail. Formal analysis performed in this book shows that though such factors as political centralization and class stratification were also important determinants, the difference in traditional social organization between Christian and Islamic cultures were mostly shaped by the respective world religions. This study also analyzes such topics as influence of Islam on social patterns in Sub-Saharan Africa and Southeast Asia, or Hinayana Buddhism influence on the evolution of kinship organization. This cross-cultural analysis makes it possible to provide an entirely new assessment of the old controversy between Materialism and Idealism, to move beyond both of these approaches.

Добавлено: 10 марта 2013