The book is about public recreation.The critical theory approach to the study primary used non-empirical procedures data collection and analytic procedures which included investigative research, negative case analysis, and theoretical triangulation. These procedures were supplemented with empirical data collected from in-depth interviews with five scholars and with three parks and recreation managers. Results of the non-empirical procedures revealed the biased selective nature of the current conceptualization of public park and recreation marketing and the existence of alternative conceptualizations which have been ignored. The existing and alternative models were discussed with scholars and park and recreation managers. Support was found for the alternative models. From these data an alternative conceptualization of public recreation marketing was developed and named the concept of administered marketing. Implications for recreation managers are discussed. Directions for future research into the administratively managed recreation marketing concept are suggested.
В данных методических указаниях приведены примеры, в которых рассматриваются перемещение по временной шкале Flash, работа с событиями и функциями, создание анимации с помощью Action Script, создание Action Script во внешних файлах, загрузка ресурсов с использованием Action Script и компонентов, создание предварительного загрузчика с помощью Action Script.
We single out the main features of the mathematical theory of noble gases. It is proved that the points of degeneracy of the Bose gas fractal dimension in momentum space coincide with the critical points of noble gases, while the jumps of the critical indices and the Maxwell rule are related to tunnel quantization in thermodynamics. We consider semiclassical methods for tunnel quantization in thermodynamics as well as those for second and ultrasecond quantization (the creation and annihilation operators for pairs of particles). Each noble gas is associated with a new critical point of the limit negative pressure. The negative pressure is equivalent to covering the (P,Z) diagram by the second sheet.
Higher School of Economics (HSE) and supported by the Information Retrieval Specialist Group at the British Computer Society (BCS–IRSG). The conference was held during March 24–27, 2013, in Moscow, Russia – the easternmost location in the history of the ECIR series. ECIR 2013 received a total of 287 submissions in three categories: 191 full papers, 78 posters, and 18 demonstrations. The geographical distribution of the submissions is as follows: 70% were from Europe (including 9% from Russia), 17% from Asia, 12% from North and South America, and 3% from the rest of the world. All submissions were reviewed by at least three members of an international two-tier Program Committee. Of the papers submitted to the main research track, 30 were selected for oral presentation and 25 for poster/short presentation (16% and 13%, respectively, hence a 29% acceptance rate). In addition, 38 posters (49%) and 10 demonstrations (56%) were accepted. The accepted contributions represent the state of the art in information retrieval, cover a diverse range of topics, propose novel applications, and indicate promising directions for future research. Out of accepted contributions, 66% have a student as the primary author. We gratefully thank all Program Committee members for their time and efforts ensuring a high-quality level of the ECIR 2013 program. Additionally, ECIR 2013 hosted four tutorials and two workshops covering various IR-related topics. We express our gratitude to the Workshop Chair, Evgeniy Gabrilovich, and the Tutorial Chair, Djoerd Hiemstra, and the members of their committees.
– Searching the Web of Data
– Practical Online Retrieval Evaluation
– Cross-Lingual Probabilistic Topic Modeling and Its Applications in Information
– Distributed Information Retrieval and Applications
– From Republicans to Teenagers: Group Membership and Search (GRUMPS)
– Integrating IR Technologies for Professional Search
The conference included a Mentoring Program and Doctoral Consortium.
We thank Mikhail Ageev and Hideo Joho and Dmitriy Ignatov, respectively, for coordinating these activities.
We would like to thank our invited speakers – Mor Naaman (Rutgers University, Social Media Information Lab) and the winner of the Karen Sparck Jones award. The Industry Day took place on the final day of the conference and featured a bright assortment of talks given by prominent researchers and practitioners: Paul Ogilvie (LinkedIn), Hilary Mason (bitly), Antonio Gulli (Bing), Andrey Kalinin (Mail.Ru), Jimmy Lin (Twitter/University of Maryland), Marc Najork (Microsoft Research), and Andrey Styskin (Yandex), to whom we express our gratitude. We appreciate generous financial support from Yandex and HSE, as well as from our sponsorsMail.Ru and Russian Foundation for Basic Research (platinum level), Google and ABBYY
In the Great Terror of 1937–38 more than a million Soviet citizens were arrested or killed for political crimes they didn’t commit. What kind of people carried out this violent purge, and what motivated them? This book opens up the world of the Soviet perpetrator for the first time. Focusing on Kuntsevo, the Moscow suburb where Stalin had a dacha, Alexander Vatlin shows how Stalinism rewarded local officials for inventing enemies. Agents of Terror reveals stunning, detailed evidence from archives available for a limited time in the 1990s. Going beyond the central figures of the terror, Vatlin takes readers into the offices and interrogation rooms of secret police at the district level. Spurred at times by ambition, and at times by fear for their own lives, agents rushed to fulfill quotas for arresting “enemies of the people” —even when it meant fabricating the evidence. Vatlin pulls back the curtain on a Kafkaesque system, forcing readers to reassess notions of historical agency and moral responsibility in Stalin-era crimes.
This book examines the history of reforms and major state interventions affecting Russian agriculture: the abolition of serfdom in 1861, the Stolypin reforms, the New Economic Policy (NEP), the collectivization, the Khrushchev reforms, and finally the farm enterprise privatization in the early 1990s. It shows a pattern emerging from a political imperative in imperial, Soviet, and post-Soviet regimes, and it describes how these reforms were justified in the name of the national interest during severe crises – rapid inflation, military defeat, mass strikes, rural unrest, and/or political turmoil. It looks at the consequences of adversity in the economic environment for rural behavior after reform and at longrun trends. It has chapters on property rights, rural organization, and technological change. It provides a new database for measuring agricultural productivity from 1861 to 1913 and updates these estimates to the present. This book is a study of the policies aimed at reorganizing rural production and of their effectiveness in transforming institutions.
The Guide has been written for everyone working or training to work in the legal profession. It provides basic knowledge of legal words and terms. The various exercises throughout the Guide focus on the key legal vocabulary that must be known by law learners.
On the occasion of Doha being a cultural capital of the Middle East in 2010 and Istanbul being a cultural capital of Europe, Doha Orientalist museum is holding a symbolic exhibition “A Journey into the World of the Ottomans”, accompanied by a catalogue. Major part of the illustrated exhibition artworks are to come from the Orientalist museum own collection, the Rijksmuseum, as well as other major collections. The exhibition will bring together artists from the sixteenth century onwards, including Bernardino Campi, Jacopo Ligozzi, Nicolas Rycks, Jean-Baptiste Vanmour, Jean-Étienne Liotard, Antoine Ignace Melling, Francesco Hayez, John Frederick Lewis, Walter Gould, Alberto Pasini, Germain Fabius Brest, Oskar Kokoschka, Nikolai Kalmikoff, Vanessa Hodgkinson and Bas Princen. The artworks selected are to illustrate the history of the orientalism development from the sixteenth to twenty first century, which throughout the years shaped the image of the Ottoman world in Europe, covering different genres of orientalist art. - See more at: http://www.skira.net/a-journey-into-the-world-of-the-ottomans.html?___store=en&___from_store=default#sthash.8XfbFoAt.dpuf
Orientalism can be defined as a historical and cultural event, which has been uniting various aspects of cultural life for a number of centuries—literature, fine art, architecture, music and philosophy. A "vision" of the East—positive or negative—based on imagination or historic facts, it has generated an exotic image in our consciousness, which has its own right to existence. At a crucial and timely moment in the history of relations between the West and Islam, this book provides the context and essential background to understanding this part of the world and the intense debate on this theme. The art-biographer of the XVIII-century Ottoman Empire Franco-Flemish artist Jean Baptiste Vanmour (1671–1737) left a very important legacy—pictorial evidences which can be considered as historical illustrations of all the aspects of XVIII-century Ottoman life: from diplomatic ceremonies in the Ottoman court to everyday events of Istanbul multinational society. It will be of strong interest to scholars of Middle East studies, anthropology, history, cultural studies, post-colonial studies, and literary studies.
Первый выпуск продолжающегося научного издания "Albania Caucasica" - новой площадки международного сотрудничества исследователей - включает в себя избранные материалы, которые были представлены и апробированы на международных форумах "Кавказска Албания и этнокультурное наследие" (Ереван, 2007 г.), "Кавказская Албания и лезгинские народы: историко-культурное наследие и современность" (Москва, 2008 г.) и "Место и роль Кавказской Албании в истории Азербайджана и Кавказа" (Баку, 2011 г.) а также статьи написанные специально для этого сборника. В работах авторов из Азербайджана, Армении, Грузии, России и Франции затрагиваются важнейшие аспектыполитической и этнической истории Кавказской Албании, проблемы ее письменности, религии и культуры.