Decision-makers at all levels are being confronted with novel complexities and uncertainties and face long-term challenges which require foresight about long-term future prospects, assumptions, and strategies. This book explores how foresight studies can be systematically undertaken and used in this context. It explicates why and how methods like horizon scanning, scenario planning, and roadmapping should be applied when dealing with high levels of uncertainty. The scope of the book moves beyond “narrow” technology foresight, towards addressing systemic interrelations between social, technological, economic, environmental, and political systems. Applications of foresight tools to such fields as energy, cities, health, transportation, education, and sustainability are considered as well as enabling technologies including nano-, bio-, and information technologies and cognitive sciences. The approaches will be illustrated with specific actual cases.
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Formal Concept Analysis, ICFCA 2012, held in Leuven, Belgium in May 2012. The 20 revised full papers presented together with 6 invited talks were carefully reviewed and selected from 68 submissions. The topics covered in this volume range from recent advances in machine learning and data mining; mining terrorist networks and revealing criminals; concept-based process mining; to scalability issues in FCA and rough sets.
Formal Concept Analysis (FCA) is a mathematically well-founded theory aimed at data analysis and classication, introduced and detailed in the book of Bernhard Ganter and Rudolf Wille, \Formal Concept Analysis", Springer 1999. The area came into being in the early 1980s and has since then spawned over 10000 scientic publications and a variety of practically deployed tools. FCA allows one to build from a data table with objects in rows and attributes in columns a taxonomic data structure called concept lattice, which can be used for many purposes, especially for Knowledge Discovery and Information Retrieval. The \Formal Concept Analysis Meets Information Retrieval" (FCAIR) workshop collocated with the 35th European Conference on Information Retrieval (ECIR 2013) was intended, on the one hand, to attract researchers from FCA community to a broad discussion of FCA-based research on information retrieval, and, on the other hand, to promote ideas, models, and methods of FCA in the community of Information Retrieval. This volume contains 11 contributions to FCAIR workshop (including 3 abstracts for invited talks and tutorial) held in Moscow, on March 24, 2013. All submissions were assessed by at least two reviewers from the program committee of the workshop to which we express our gratitude. We would also like to thank the co-organizers and sponsors of the FCAIR workshop: Russian Foundation for Basic Research, National Research University Higher School of Economics, and Yandex.
What was the role of the Italian Armed Forces in their past missions abroad? What role do they play today? Which is the legal framework that authorized the employment of the Italian army and regulates the conduct of Italian soldiers? This book tries to answer these questions, illustrating to a wider audience the role that our Armed Forces perform during their involvement in peacekeeping and peace-building missions. A role aimed at maintaining peace, stabilizing conflictual areas, and restoring hope in territories often overturned by civil wars and inter-ethnic conflicts.
Big History is a new field that has been gaining ground rapidly around the world. It deals with the universe's grand narrative of 13.8 billion years and attempts to provide a connection between our past, present and future. Appearing in three volumes, this is the first international anthology of Big History. The first volume, Our Place in the Universe: An Introduction to Big History, provides an overview and notes trends in Big History today. The second volume, Education and Understanding: Big History around the World, considers humanity's search for meaning and expression.
Сборник составлен в честь профессор UCLA R. Vroon к его 60-летию.
Книга составлена из работ русских и зарубежных ученых, посвященных вопросам истории русской литературы и культуры от Средневековья до ХХ века.