Universities, Inclusive Development and Social Innovation. An International Perspective
This book examines the ways in which universities can play a crucial role in inclusive development, social innovation and social entrepreneurship. It aims to prove the importance of inclusive development and inclusive innovation on economic growth and demonstrate the ways in which universities can be pioneers in this area through initiatives in social responsibility and social innovation. For example, providing access to a university education without discrimination of race, gender, income status, or other factors would help to diminish the increasing income differentials currently being experienced in many countries, especially in the developing world. The research and studies included in this book provide insight into possible actions that can be taken by universities and public and private shareholders in inclusive development, social innovation, social entrepreneurship and overall regional economic and social development. Innovation is currently considered to be the most important and dynamic factor explaining growth and development. At the same time, the traditional view considering innovation as having to be commercialized at any price is being challenged. Lately, there has been growing interest in innovation in the public sector, particularly with respect to social innovations designed to reduce income inequality. To address these concepts, constant exchange of ideas and information between research groups became necessary. UniDev (Universities in Development – the Evolving Role of Academic Institutions in Innovation Systems and Development) is an international research group with researchers in twelve countries interested in the role of universities in development. This book features the results of research performed by eleven research groups from UniDev country communities, presenting in-depth and comparative case studies from universities around the world, including Latin America, Northern and Eastern Europe, and sub-Saharan Africa. This title will be of interest to students, academics, researchers, and policy makers interested in the role of universities in development, social innovation and social entrepreneurship.
Social inclusion and inclusive innovation practices are being implemented in university strategies and routines in various ways considering historical, cultural, socio-economic and other factors. This chapter deals with the current state of the universities’ inclusive function in Russia, its origins and prospects. It represents the inclusive activity as an outcome of the national and local top-down policies combined with universities’ bottom-up initiatives. To clarify the path dependency it also describes respective particularities of the Russian higher education system vis-à-vis internationally recognised concepts and models. Finally, a study of particular cases provides an evidence for a preliminary classification of university’s practices and tools for social inclusion and inclusive innovation. In addition to practical cases the chapter provides relevant statistical data and structured legislation review.