This article discusses the divergences and similarities of the terms post-modern, post-industrial and post-human.
This paper is a featured review of three recent monographs written by three American historians of Islam in imperial Russia. These books propose unusual approaches and topics that give readers a more accurate insight into what Muslimdom really meant in late tsarist Russia. Previously scholars focused chiefly on the topics of Muslim resistance to Russian expansion, and controversies between Islamic “reformism” (jadidism) and “traditionalism” (qadimism). These problems were of great importance for specific Muslim regions in limited historical periods, but they do not exhaust all the diversity of topics concerning Islam in the imperial context. Taking Islam and the Russian Empire for natural antagonists, such a vision relied on the Orientalist approach representing Islam as a homogeneous and timeless entity opposing all non-Muslim cultures. New studies of imperial Russia’s Muslims look more at the interaction of Muslims with the Russian state and society and their changing religious identities. What ties together these very different books? Their focus is on the Volga-Ural region and the period of the late imperial transformation between the Crimean military campaign and the World War I. Sometimes they share primary sources of Russian and native origin. The Campbell’s monograph concerns the question of what imperial polity did about imperial Russia’s large Muslim population. Tuna and Kefeli’s works concentrate on Muslim answers of imperial challenges of confessional governance and religious conversion.
Предлагается объяснение феномена “роковой женщины” в культуре Нового времени. По мнению автора, “роковой женщине” присущ уникальный психологический профиль, в основе которого лежит парадоксальное сочетание нарциссизма с глубоким интересом к чужому таланту — но лишь как потенции, а не как к человеку. Конкретный индивид, носитель таланта для нее нечто, что необходимо превзойти. В качестве примеров рассматриваются Лиля Брик и Лу Саломе — муза Ф. Ницше и З. Фрейда, которая и натолкнула первого на идею сверхчеловека, а второго — на идею нарциссизма.
The article is devoted to the discussion on fin de siècle in the context of the trajectory the modernity took in the twentieth century Russia. The author follows C. Castoriadis’ definition of modernity through double imaginary of autonomy and rational mastery as well as P. Wagner’s characterisation of modernity as experience and interpretation. He demonstrates how in Russian constellation of modernity autonomy came to be understood as a secondary to rational mastery and how collective autonomy started to dominate over individual one. For this purpose, he discusses details of N. Federov’s “Philosophy of the Common Task” as well as peculiarities of the development of Russian society of the beginning of the last century. Then M. Khomyakov turns to the contemporary fin de siècle and discusses what he sees as a major crisis of modernity in general and democracy, in particular. Thus, the article interprets fin de siècles as inherent to the modernity crises, the main elements of which are revising, reinterpretation, reformulation and renegotiation of the modernity’s fundamentals.
The 2010–2013 Fish Fight campaign, produced by Channel 4 in the United Kingdom and hosted by chef Hugh Fearnley-Whittingstall, is a transmedia experience designed to (1) draw the public's attention to the reckless discarding of caught fish because of the quota system intended to conserve fish stocks in the domain of the European Union; and to (2) pressure the authorities to change the European Common Fisheries Policy. The article analyzes the transmedia strategies of the Fish Fight campaign in order to demonstrate how the multiplatform media production contributed to (1) make the public aware of the wasteful discarding of healthy fish at sea under the European fishing quotas; and (2) to amend the European Union's fishing policies. The research findings point to the effective role of transmedia storytelling strategies in raising awareness in the political sphere through public participation in supporting relevant issues, influencing policy change.
Franco Montagna, a prominent logician and one of the leaders of the Italian school on Mathematical Logic, passed away on February 18, 2015. We survey some of his results and ideas in the two disciplines he greatly contributed along his career: provability logic and many-valued logic.