В статье рассматриваются особенности развития СРВ в конце XX – начале XXI вв. и формирования системы торговых, инвестиционных и гуманитарных взаимосвязей между Вьетнамом и Россией. Автор подчеркивает, что взаимоотношения между двумя странами за весь период их существования носят характер взаимопонимания, доброжелательства и активно развиваются в позитивном направлении. Вьетнам в трудные времена своей истории получал как политическую, так и экономическую, а также военную помощь от СССР
By shifting towards Romer’s (Am Econ Rev 94:1002–1037, 1986) economy and so the spread of knowledge economy, universities started to adopt a collaborative approach with their entrepreneurial ecosystem. They turn out to be risk taker, autonomous, proactive, competitive, and innovative. In a nutshell, they are entrepreneurial oriented with the aim to generate new innovative ventures, known as research-based spin offs. Doubly, this has induced an improvement of technology transfer and the degree of entrepreneurship in the current knowledge economy. However there still is a paucity of studies on the spill over effect of entrepreneurial orientated universities and research-based spin off on technology transfer need to be more explored. Therefore, the article investigates the link between entrepreneurial orientation and such spill overs by offering an outlook of two universities and two research-based spin offs in the United Kingdom. The scope is to provide a deep view of technological innovativeness in a research context, entrepreneurial oriented. Our research suggests that entrepreneurial attitude has become an imperative to succeed in the context where British institutions currently operate. Entrepreneurship brings the necessary technological innovation to the university and its students, which results in better positioning of the university at national and international levels, with the subsequent impact on their ability to attract not only new students and academics but also funding to conduct their research.
The purpose of of this study is to develop the instrument to measure the effectiveness of public investment in R & D and make timely adjustments to the scientific and technical policy. This will contribute to the growth of fundamental results, patents as well as their commercialization and innovative development of the the overall economy. The article assesses the effectiveness of public investment in research and technological development (RTD), including attracted extrabudgetary funds, on the basis of the authors' methodology for assessing the efficiency of public spending on RTD projects. The main distributors of state budget funds in Russia are the Federal Executive Bodies (FEB). The proposed tool allows first to evaluate the effectiveness of public expenditure on RTD in general, though it does not involve matching FEB among themselves, but only evaluates their work in promoting the development of their assigned research areas in dynamics. This method sets the general rules for evaluation of the effectiveness of state financial support of RTD, defines the key indicators reflecting the performance of such support and the use of science as a tool for ensuring the achievement of indicators and socio-economic development of the state.
With declining population and fertility rates below replacement levels, Russia is currently facing a demographic crisis. Starting in 2007, the federal government has pursued an ambitious pro-natalist policy. Women who give birth to at least two children are entitled to "maternity capital" assistance ($11,000). In this paper we estimate a structural dynamic programming model of fertility and labor force participation in order to evaluate the effectiveness of the policy. We find that the program increased long-run fertility by about 0.15 children per woman. © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
The present study analyzes the investment attractiveness of regional housing markets and housing markets of cities with a population of over 100 thousand people. The analysis of regional housing markets identified the following market groups as more attractive for investment in different segments of residential construction. It is shown that large cities and rapidly developing metropolises determine the investment attractiveness of the region’s housing markets.
The article presents a new methodology for estimating gross urban product (the gross domestic product by city or metropolitan level) in Russia under extremely low statistical data availability about economy performance at the local level. These estimates provide new analytical instruments for assessing disparities in economic development between more than 1,000 Russian cities and other areas, and cities’ contributions to GDP as well as for comparing indicators of Russian cities with those of foreign countries.
В статье представлены данные по количественному анализу незаконного, несообщаемого и нерегулируемого промысла (ННН-промысла) осетровых и прилова в браконьерских сетях каспийского тюленя в Дагестане и дельте реки Волга. В основу сбора данных были положены полуструктурированный тип интервью, прямое наблюдение и неформальные беседы. Результаты исследования свидетельствуют, что за 35 поездок, совершённых 15 бригадами рыбаков, специализирующихся на ННН-промысле осетровых, в период с 2013 по 2016 годы было выловлено 10491 кг осетровых и 788 тюленей (как прилов в браконьерских сетях). Результаты показывают, что уловы осетровых и прилов тюленя в браконьерских сетях не изменились за три года исследований (2013-2016 гг.). Однако величина прилова каспийского тюленя при ННН-промысле осетровых увеличилась со времени последнего исследования, проведённого в 2008-2009 годах, и может быть признана одной из самых больших в мире среди приловов, выявленных для ластоногих.
This paper presents a fresh approach to the analysis of Shewhart control chart’s performance. We consider two different types of assignable causes of variation. One –called type A - affects only the parameters of a model of the underlying distribution. The other,–called type B - impacts the type of the original distribution. We analyze cases when the underlying normal distribution transforms into a uniform and log-normal distribution after the intervention of an assignable cause of variation. It is shown that the Power Function (PF) for control charts for individual measurements and control charts for means differ significantly from the well-known traditional studies. We believe that this approach may open up new areas of research in the field of Statistical Process Control and extend the spheres of SPC applications in practice.
In this paper we study the influence of superstitions related to numbers 13 and 7 on people's buying behavior in the apartment market. A unique feature of our methodology is that we use real sales data instead of survey or pricing data. Based on the dataset from Saint-Petersburg primary real estate market we compare the share of sold apartments on floor 7 with that of on floors 6 and 8, whereas floor 13 is benchmarked to floors 12 and 14. As floors are comprised by exactly the same apartments we manage to isolate the effects of the “lucky” and “unlucky” numbers. We have found a significantly negative effect of the 13th (“unlucky”) floor on demand for apartments in new apartment houses, but no significant positive effect of the 7th (“lucky”) floor. Possible implications of this result and directions for future research are discussed.
A Study on the strategies for attracting Incentive Tour : Focused on JeJu Island in South Korea
The survey covers the area of strategic market games and their applications to monetary macroeconomics.
This paper builds a theory of deregulation and roll-out of on-road competition in the public transport sector. Focusing on the dimensions of competition, ownership and authorisation, we identify five distinct regulatory regimes: public monopoly, regulated monopoly, unregulated monopoly, outsourcing to private monopoly and competition in the market. Our generalised theoretical framework allows for the direct comparison in the social welfare terms of the monopolies' outcomes and the fragmented market structure after deregulation. We formulate a set of parameter restrictions that make competition in the market preferable to public monopoly and competition for the market in the form of outsourcing. We also show the theoretical possibility of a ‘revised’ regulatory cycle forming a sequential transition between these identified regulatory regimes. Our model predicts possible policy reversals and the bypassing of certain phases of the cycle, that can occur due to technological advances, changes in fiscal constraints and institutional capacity improvements
Fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) have been considered as the future vision for the automotive industry. An increasing number of concepts and prototypes have been introduced in the last decade. In parallel with the technological development, recent discussions about global warming and climate change bring public support for emission free vehicles. Despite of the advancements and support, the speed of introduction of FCEVs is still not at the desirable levels. From a transition management perspective, the present paper seeks to answer the underlying factors behind the implementation of the FCEVs. The discussion goes beyond a technical one to cover broad factors and interests of stakeholders with an ‘eagle-eye view’. Following a discussion the key drivers of change for the FCEV sector and wild cards with disruptive effects, the paper proposes a strategic roadmap template to set an agenda for a successful transition towards FCEVs.