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Найдены 3 023 публикации
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Статья
Grinin L. E. Social Evolution & History. 2012. Vol. 11. No. 1. P. 124-153.
Добавлено: 13 октября 2014
Статья
Dabrowski M., Batsaikhan U. Russian Journal of Economics. 2017. Vol. 3. No. 3. P. 296-320.
Добавлено: 3 января 2018
Статья
Zharkaya V. Y. Micrologus. Nature, Sciences and Medieval Societies. 2017. Vol. 25. P. 37-46.

Throughout the whole Byzantine era we witness the coexistence of the spherical conception of the universe which has its’ roots in ancient science and the pattern of tabernacle based on the Holy Writ. Only once in 6th century the opposite views became a subject for a dispute, but even then rather as a part of a broader theological controversy. Since that time the two conceptions survived in different cultural milieus and thence had no point of intersection. Only in 12 century Michael Glycas writing his chronicle in a simple language approaches the issue. Proving that the universe has a shape of a sphere he tries to make scholar knowledge available to a general public. By doing so he even dares to come into contradiction with John Chrysostom himself.

Добавлено: 7 июня 2015
Статья
Heymann M., Högselius P., Kochetkova E. et al. Technology and Culture. 2020.
Добавлено: 27 декабря 2019
Статья
Grinin L. E. Social Evolution & History. 2011. Vol. 10. No. 1. P. 234-275.

It is often noted in the academic literature that chiefdoms frequently prove to be troublesome for scholars because of the disagreement as to whether to categorize this or that polity as a complex chiefdom or as an early state. This is no wonder, because complex chiefdoms, early states, as well as different other types of sociopolitical systems (large confederations, large self-governed civil and temple communities etc.) turn out to be at the same evolutionary level. In the present article it is argued that such complex societies can be considered as early state analogues. The most part of the article is devoted to the analysis of the most developed chiefdoms – the Hawaiian ones. It is argued that before the arrival of Cook there was no state in Hawaii. It should be classified as an early state analogue, i.e. a society of the same level of development as early states but lacking some state characteristics. It proceeds from the fact that the entire Hawaiian political and social organization was based on the strict rules and ideology of kinship, and the ruling groups represented endogamous castes and quasi-castes. The transition to statehood occurred only in the reign of Kamehameha I in the early 19th century. A scrupulous comparison between the Hawaiian chiefdoms and Hawaiian state is presented in the article.   

Добавлено: 13 октября 2014
Статья
Grinin L. E., Korotayev A. Social Evolution & History. 2011. Vol. 10. No. 1. P. 276-335.

The general process of the growth of sociocultural complexity was multidimensional and multilinear. That is why the evolutionary phase of medium-complex societies (where the chiefdoms are most often observed) was represented by numerous types of societies.

The article is devoted to the analysis of chiefdom analogues, or various evolutionary alternatives to the chiefdom: poleis, autonomous towns and complex village communities, cast-clan systems, non-hierarchically organized territorial groups and federations of villages, certain types of tribal systems, and so on. All chiefdom analogues' forms can be subdivided into a few types: monosettlement analogues (with the majority of the population concentrated in a single central settlement); horizontally integrated polysettlement analogues; and corporate analogues. The notion of chiefdom analogues which we put forward will advance the theoretical analysis of the cultural-political variations among medium-complex societies where chiefdoms are bound to occupy one of the main positions. 

Добавлено: 13 октября 2014
Статья
Puur A., Rahnu L., Abuladze L. et al. Demographic Research. 2017. Vol. 36. P. 1209-1254.

Background: An expanding literature documents the childbearing patterns of migrants and their descendants in contemporary Europe. The existing evidence pertains mainly to the northern, western, and southern regions of the continent, while less is known about the fertility of migrants who have moved between the countries of Eastern Europe.

Objective: The aim of this study is to examine the fertility patterns of first- and second-generation Russians in Estonia, relative to the sending and host populations.

Methods: The study draws on the Estonian and Russian Generations and Gender Surveys. Proportional hazards models are estimated for the transitions to first, second, and third births.

Results: Russian migrants in Estonia exhibit greater similarity to the sending population, with a lower propensity for having a second and third birth than the host population. This pattern extends to the descendants of migrants. However, mixed Estonian-Russian parentage, enrolment in Estonian-language schools, and residence among the host population are associated with the convergence of Russians’ childbearing behaviour with the host-country patterns. The findings support the cultural maintenance and adaptation perspectives; selectivity was found to be less important.

Contribution: The study focuses on a previously under-researched context and underscores the importance of contextual factors in shaping migrants’ fertility patterns. It raises the possibility that, depending on the childbearing trends and levels among the sending and receiving populations, large-scale migration may reduce rather than increase aggregate fertility in the host country. With the advancement of the fertility transition in sending countries, this situation may become more common in Europe in the future.

Добавлено: 20 апреля 2017
Статья
Grinin L. E. Journal of Globalization Studies. 2011. Vol. 2. No. 2. P. 7-24.

In the present article forecasts of China's upcoming development are given. It is shown why China, even with all its possible future success, will be unable to take the USA's place in the World System. The merits and shortcomings of the characteristics of the modern Chinese economic development model are revealed. The conclusion is made that the Chinese economy, with all its achievements, remains generally extensive and, based on the consumption of excessive numbers of various resources and funds and with respect to the attendant investment gain, will become more and more ineffective. The author believes that it will be impossible to reconstruct the Chinese development model and GDP growth rates will slow down soon.

Добавлено: 14 октября 2014
Статья
Pantsov A. V., Arincheva D. A. Twentieth-Century China. 2008. P. 29-50.
Добавлено: 14 января 2013
Статья
Iliushina M. St. Petersburg Annual of Asian and African Studies. 2014. Vol. 3. P. 67-77.
Добавлено: 30 ноября 2015
Статья
Фабрикант М. С. The Ideology and Politics Journal. 2013. Т. 2. № 4. С. 61-77.

The article is dedicated to the new significance of the national issue as a challenge posed to the contemporary Russian liberalism. The purpose of the study is to transfer the clash of liberal and nationalist ideologies from mass media and blogs into the realm of academic conceptual analysis. In the first part of the article, the key definitions of nationalism are examined and placed on a scale compatible to the described range of position developed by Russian liberals with regard to nationalist ideology. Then the two continuums are used to trace the main criteria of (in)compatibility between liberalism and nationalism. Subsequently, the focus shifts on the contemporary Russian liberalism to trace possible implications of the discovered (in)compatibilities. Finally, the conclusions contain a series of suggestions on the possible moves that have not been taken by liberals in their attempts to come to terms with the challenge of nationalism.

Добавлено: 6 апреля 2014
Статья
Lajus J., Kraikovski A., Lajus D. Plos One. 2013. Vol. 8. No. 10.

The paper describes and analyzes original data, extracted from historical documents and scientific surveys, related to Russian fisheries in the southeastern part of the Gulf of Finland and its inflowing rivers during the 15- early 20th centuries. The data allow tracing key trends in fisheries development and in the abundance of major commercial species. In particular, results showed that, over time, the main fishing areas moved from the middle part of rivers downstream towards and onto the coastal sea. Changes in fishing patterns were closely interrelated with changes in the abundance of exploited fish. Anadromous species, such as Atlantic sturgeon, Atlantic salmon, brown trout, whitefish, vimba bream, smelt, lamprey, and catadromous eel were the most important commercial fish in the area because they were abundant, had high commercial value and were easily available for fishing in rivers. Due to intensive exploitation and other human-induced factors, populations of most of these species had declined notably by the early 20th century and have now lost commercial significance. The last sturgeon was caught in 1996, and todayonly smelt and lamprey support small commercial fisheries. According to historical sourcescatches of freshwater species such as roach, ide, pike, perch, ruffe and burbot regularly occurred, in some areas exceeding half of the total catch, but they were not as important as migrating fish and no clear trends in abundance are apparent. Of documented marine catch, Baltic herring appeared in the 16th century, but did not become commerciallysignificant until the 19th century. From then until now herring have been the dominant catch.

Добавлено: 18 ноября 2013
Статья
K.A. Maslinsky. Russian Education and Society. 2016. Vol. 58. No. 5-6. P. 428-451.
Добавлено: 18 апреля 2017
Статья
Ast R., Lifshits A., Lougovaya J. Zeitschrift fur Papyrologie und Epigraphik. 2016. No. 200. P. 141-160.

The purpose of the paper is to report the rediscovery of the important Tischendorf’s folios and to offer a re-edition. Although Tischendorf’s transcription, published in Monumenta sacra inedita (Leipzig 1846) 1–10, is fairly accurate, a re-examination of the manuscript has revealed some infelicities and omissions. In particular, Tischendorf left out various diacritical and lectional signs, which we have attempted to record, to the extent that the writing permits. Of special interest is also the style of the script, the so-called sloping pointed majuscule. A brief survey is done in an attempt to establish a chronological framework for the codex. Finally, the possible function of the marginalia and punctuation marks is discussed.

Добавлено: 19 декабря 2016
Статья
Vasileva V. O. Visual Ethnography. 2018. Vol. 7. No. 2. P. 45-60.
Добавлено: 7 ноября 2019
Статья
Lourié B. Scrinium: Journal of Patrology and Critical Hagiography. 2016. No. 1. P. 383-387.
Добавлено: 14 марта 2018
Статья
Khlevniuk O. V. Harvard Ukrainian Studies. 2008. Vol. 30. No. 1-4. P. 149-164.

The article examines the short-term impact of the famine of 1930s on the development of the collectivization, the penal policy and social attitudes.

Добавлено: 10 июня 2014
Статья
Selin A. A. Vestnik Sankt-Peterburgskogo Universiteta, Istoriya. 2018. Vol. 63. No. 3. P. 748-762.

Приход Московского государства в Новгородскую и Псковскую землю сопровождался распространением на эти территории тех процессов выстраивания системы государственного управления, которые охватили саму Московию в конце XV — начале XVI в. Важное место в  этих процессах занимало и  создание центральной властью системы коммуникаций — строительство дорог, предназначенных для бесперебойного исполнения государственных нужд, прежде всего военных и представительских. В это время были сооружены дороги, соединявшие Новгород Великий с крепостями (пригородами), а также ведшие к границам. По новым дорогам, обеспеченным ямской гоньбой, осуществлялась переброска войск и  сопровождались посольства. Организация дорожной сети в  конце XV  — начале XVI  в. прямо вырастала из  потребностей войны и дипломатии и была частью становления раннемодерной государственной системы в целом. В годы политического кризиса начала XVII в. систему магистральных дорог, необходимую для правильного перемещения воинских сил и посольств, любые власти старались всячески поддерживать. Контроль за дорогами стал важнейшей задачей всех противоборствующих сторон. В это время шло строительство острожков — небольших укреплений, развивавших систему новгородских пригородов. Взятие Новгорода в июле 1611 г. войсками генерала Я.Делагарди всерьез изменило политическую картину Северо-Запада, однако те тенденции в развитии дорожного строительства, которые наметились на первых этапах Смуты, развивались. К 1616–1617 гг. мобилизационные возможности новгородского правительства были исчерпаны. После Столбовского мира 1617 г. в течение нескольких лет сухопутные магистральные дороги находились в упадке и для надежного сообщения Новгорода с центром использовались кружные водные пути, обходившие разоренные земли. Заметно изменился срок, за который гонцы могли достигать столицы. Только с начала 1620-х годов был запущен процесс восстановления основных магистральных дорог в Новгородской земле

Добавлено: 8 октября 2018
Статья
Pilgun M. A., Dzyaloshinsky I. M. Revista Latina de Comunicación Social. 2017. No. 72. P. 1010 -1026.

В статье представлен анализ контента социальных сетей, посвящённый историческим событиям, в частности Октябрьской революции 1917 года. Objectives. Цель данного проекта - анализ контента, посвящённого историческим событиям, для выяснения, как оценка значимых исторических событий влияет на социальную действительность, отраженную в виртуальной коммуникации. Methodology. Основными методами, которые были использованы для получения эмпирических данных, были междисциплинарный подход, массовое анкетирование и фокус-групповое интервьюирование; анализ контента, посвященного Октябрьской революции, собранного из социальных сетей (Фейсбук, ВКонтакте, livejournal); анализ эссе. Обработка полученных данных осуществлялась с помощью программного обеспечения Tableau и Automap. Results. Контент, посвященный историческому контенту в русскоязычных социальных сетях, повторяет социальное напряжение событий 100-летней давности. Discussion and Conclusion. Конфликт, расколовший российское общество на враждебные непримиримые лагери в 1917 году, продолжает разделять людей и сегодня. Поле битвы переместилось в виртуальное пространство, где оценка исторических событий становится еще одним способом маркировки «свой-чужой», приводит к конфликтной коммуникаций и росту социального напряжения. 

Добавлено: 16 января 2018
Статья
Andreev E. M., Hoffmann R., Carlson E. et al. European Society . 2009. Vol. 11. No. 1. P. 161-185.
Добавлено: 25 января 2013
Статья
Marey A. V. Revista General de Derecho Romano. 2013. No. 21.

History of iniuria in post-classical period of History of Roman Law (IV – V A.D.) is investigated rather bad. In this article is represented an analysis of all the cases of word usage of iniuria in Theodosian Code (438 A.D.). As a result we can affirm that the checked term designated some special phenomena of social, politic and juridical life of the Later Roman Empire, such as: corruption of the privileges of some social or professional corporations, like senators etc., wrongful impleading, or other judge’s misconduct, insults verbal either corporal, other corpora delicti, included in classical definition of iniuria given by Domitius Ulpian

Добавлено: 23 февраля 2014