• A
  • A
  • A
  • АБB
  • АБB
  • АБB
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
  • А
Обычная версия сайта
Найдено 10 370 публикаций
Сортировка:
по названию
по году
Статья
Kapitonov I., Voloshin V., Filosofova T. G. et al. Public Policy and Administration. 2020. Vol. 19. No. 2. P. 191-204.

Issues of the efficiency of the energy industry are connected with the high cost of energy resources and the negative impact that generating energy has on the environment. The energy industry-related security of the state is closely associated with addressing the demand for domestic energy generation, including the security of such generation. Digitalization in the energy industry is aimed at solving these problems, allowing us to increase efficiency and subsequently improve the security of the electric energy industry. The purpose of this paper is to analyze and identify the directions for the development of digitalization in the energy industry in Russia as a direction of its overall development, ensuring the growth of energy efficiency and of the energy security of the state. It was determined that the “fourth energy transition” is currently taking place globally, being associated with the aim of increasing energy efficiency alongside the digitalization, decentralization, and decarbonisation of energy industry.

Добавлено: 1 августа 2020
Статья
Daviy A., Paklina S., Прокофьева А. С. Russian Management Journal. 2017. Vol. 15. No. 4. P. 537-552.
Добавлено: 16 января 2018
Статья
Paklina S., Parshakov P., Molodchik M. Meditari Accountancy Research. 2018. Vol. 26. No. 3. P. 443-462.
Добавлено: 8 октября 2018
Статья
Bykadorov I., Ellero A., Funari S. et al. Journal of Optimization Theory and Applications. 2009. Vol. 142. No. 1. P. 55-66.

We consider optimal control problems with functional given by the ratio of two integrals (fractional optimal control problems). In particular, we focus on a special case with affine integrands and linear dynamics with respect to state and control. Since the standard optimal control theory cannot be used directly to solve a problem of this kind, we apply Dinkelbach’s approach to linearize it. Indeed, the fractional optimal control problem can be transformed into an equivalent monoparametric family {Pq} of linear optimal control problems. The special structure of the class of problems considered allows solving the fractional problem either explicitly or requiring straightforward classical numerical techniques to solve a single equation. An application to advertising efficiency maximization is presented.

Добавлено: 18 ноября 2013
Статья
Djankov S., La Porta R., López-de-Silanes F. et al. Applied Economics. 2010. Vol. 2 (2). P. 179-209.
Добавлено: 30 сентября 2014
Статья
Mironov V., Petronevich A. Resources Policy. 2015. Vol. 46, Part 2. P. 113-126.

This paper examines the problem of Dutch disease in Russia during the oil boom of the 2000s, from both the theoretical and empirical points of view. Our analysis is based on the classical model of Dutch disease by Corden and Neary (1982). We examine the relationship between changes in the real effective exchange rate of the ruble and the evolution of the Russian economic structure during the period 2002 - 2013. We empirically test the main effects of Dutch Disease, controlling for specific features of the Russian economy, namely the large role of state-owned organizations. We estimate the resource movement and spending effects as determined by the theoretical model and find the presence of several signs of Dutch Disease: the negative impact of the real effective exchange rate on growth in the manufacturing sector, the growth of total income of workers, and the positive link between the real effective exchange rate and returns on capital in all three sectors. Although also predicted by the model and clearly observable, the shift of labor from manufacturing to services cannot be explained by ruble appreciation alone.

Добавлено: 30 сентября 2015
Статья
Shastitko A., Menard C. Russian Journal of Economics. 2017. Vol. 3. No. 2. P. 200-220.

This paper addresses the comparative analysis of discrete institutional alternatives in organizing transactions among distinct economic entities. The theoretical framework for understanding this issue was introduced by Ronald Coase 80 years ago. Following this seminal contribution, a standard theoretical distinction now exists between the institution­ ally embedded set of economic exchanges (the transactions) and the institutional settings within which these transactions are organized, firms and markets being the epitomized polar cases. On the normative side, this approach facilitated better understanding of fail­ ures and flaws in the organization of numerous transactions and of how to fix them. Three examples are provided to illustrate the issues at stake: contracting on large diameter pipes for PJSC “Gazprom” infrastructure projects, contracting in commercial real estate, and determining governance mechanisms for companies facing significant switching costs in highly concentrated markets. 

Добавлено: 15 октября 2017
Статья
Akhmedov A., Suvorov A. B.E. Journal of Theoretical Economics. 2014. Vol. 14. No. 1. P. 1-34.
Добавлено: 21 июля 2015
Статья
Suvorov A., van de Ven J. Games and Economic Behavior. 2009. Vol. 67. No. 2. P. 665-681.
Добавлено: 21 июля 2015
Статья
Nenovsky N. Revue d'histoire de la pensée économique. 2020. No. 10. P. 103-139.

World War I marked the final point of the continuous process of fiduciarisation of money, of the detachment from its substance, the final point of establishing « Russian type of ideal money ». Paper currency was a Russian tradition, since 1769, until the introduction of the gold standard in 1897. The war brought back the dominance of the paper currency. In this paper, I will consecutively dwell on: (i) the role of paper currency and loans during the war and the discussions among the leading Russian economists as regards the evolution of the monetary regime. I will then examine, (ii) Tugan’s business cycle (conjunctural) theory of the value of money associated with aggregate demand, and especially with the development of the model of money demand and its endogeneity, and finally (iii) on Tugan’s proposals for managed paper currency by controlling the exchange rate.

Добавлено: 24 декабря 2020
Статья
Hennig-Schmidt H. Health Economics. 2019. Vol. 28. No. 3. P. 319-338.

Dishonest behavior significantly increases the cost of medical care provision. Upcoding of patients is a common form of fraud to attract higher reimbursements. Imposing audit mechanisms including fines to curtail upcoding is widely discussed among health care policy-makers. How audits and fines affect individual health care providers' behavior is empirically not well understood. To provide new evidence on fraudulent behavior in health care, we analyze the effect of a random audit including fines on individuals' honesty by means of a novel controlled behavioral experiment framed in a neonatal care context. Prevalent dishonest behavior declines significantly when audits and fines are introduced. The effect is driven by a reduction in upcoding when being detectable. Yet, upcoding increases when not being detectable as fraudulent. We find evidence that individual characteristics (gender, medical background, and integrity) are related to dishonest behavior. Policy implications are discussed.

Добавлено: 5 декабря 2018
Статья
Ozhegov E. M., Ozhegova A. International Journal of Housing Markets and Analysis. 2021.
Добавлено: 1 сентября 2021
Статья
Avdasheva S. B., Golovanova S., Korneeva D. V. International Journal of Public Sector Management. 2016. Vol. 29. No. 3. P. 288-306.

This paper aims to explain the impact of the incentives of competition authorities concerning antitrust enforcement on the structure of enforcement and understanding of the substantive norms and welfare standards in Russia using case-level evidence.

Design/methodology/approach – The study is based on a unique dataset of appeals to infringement decisions in 2008–2012. Quantitative and qualitative analyses are applied to derive an understanding of the targets of competition policy in the practice of enforcement.

Findings – The analysis reveals that the majority of cases would never be investigated under conventional understanding of the goals of antitrust enforcement. It is also shown that antitrust authorities tend to investigate cases that require less input but result in infringement decisions with lower probability of being annulled and lower cost to proceed. Structure of enforcement is skewed towards cases where harm serves as independent and sufficient evidence of competition law violation.

Originality/value – The results show that it is dangerous to motivate authority and public servants based either on number of tasks completed or completeness of tasks when they are heterogeneous in terms of difficulty and where easier ones provide lower positive effects on welfare. Judicial reviews may poorly contribute to performance measurement under a discretionary choice of enforcement targets.

Добавлено: 28 января 2016
Статья
Popova D., Matytsin M., Sinnot E. Journal of European Social Policy. 2018. Vol. 28. No. 5. P. 535-548.

Низкие цены на нефть и рецессия в России, начавшаяся в 2014 г., увеличивают необходимость фискальной консолидации. В данной статье представлены оценки перераспределительного эффекта основных налогов и социальных расходов в России в 2014 г. на основе методологии фискального анализа, разработанной в рамках международного проекта Commitment to Equity (http://www.commitmentoequity.org/). В целом, российская система достигает умеренного уровня перераспределения по межднародным стандартам. Большая часть перераспределения осуществляется за счет пенсий. Основными ограничивающими факторами для России являются высокая доля налоговых доходов от (регрессивных) непрямых налогов, нейтральный вклад подоходного налога и низкая доля расходов на социальную поддержку низкообеспеченных групп населения. Налоговая и социальная политика также вносят значительный вклад в перераспределение дохода между поколениями, так как домохозяйства трудоспособных (с детьми и без детей) субсидируют домохозяйства пенсионеров.  

Добавлено: 30 ноября 2017
Статья
Popova D. Journal of European Social Policy. 2016. Vol. 26. No. 3. P. 248-267.

В статье анализируются программы денежных пособий для детей и сравнивается их эффективность в борьбе с детской бедностью в России и четырех странах ЕС, представляющих альернативные модели семейной политики – Швеции, Германии, Бельгии и Великобритании. Используя микросимуляционные модели, это исследование оценивает потенциальные выгоды от применения дизайна систем налогов и пособий стран ЕС в России, и наоборот. Результаты указывают на то, что эффект дизайна программ ниже, чем эффект бюджета программ. При прочих равных условиях, лучшие результаты для детей с точки зрения снижения бедности достигается за счет сочетания универсальных пособий и пособий, основанных на проверке доходов, применяемых в Великобритании и Бельгии. В то же время, российский дизайн программы детских пособий оказался не менее эффективным с точки зрения его влияния на детскую бедность при перенесении в страны ЕС вместо их действующих программа при сохранении их бюджета. 

Добавлено: 24 декабря 2014
Статья
Klepikov V. P., Klepikova L. V. Energy Reports. 2021. No. 7. P. 767-779.
Добавлено: 16 ноября 2021
Статья
Gilman M. G. International Organisations Research Journal. 2018. Vol. 13. No. 2. P. 7-15.
Добавлено: 5 декабря 2019
Статья
Lopez Iturriaga F. J., Jara-Bertin M., Espinosa C. BRQ Business Research Quarterly. 2015. No. 18. P. 259-274.
Добавлено: 10 декабря 2015
Статья
Bogoviz A. V., Lobova S. V., Karp M. V. et al. On the Horizon. 2019. Vol. 27. No. 3/4. P. 206-212.
Добавлено: 6 октября 2019
Статья
Dranev Y., Kotsemir M. N., Syomin B. Scientometrics. 2018. Vol. 116. No. 3. P. 1565-1587.
Добавлено: 12 июня 2018
Статья
Bogomolnaia A., Moulin H., Sandomirskiy F. et al. Social Choice and Welfare. 2019. Vol. 52. No. 3. P. 395-417.

We compare the Egalitarian rule (aka Egalitarian Equivalent) and the Competitive rule (aka Competitive Equilibrium with Equal Incomes) to divide bads (chores). They are both welfarist: the competitive disutility profile(s) are the critical points of their Nash product on the set of efficient feasible profiles. The C rule is Envy Free, Maskin Monotonic, and has better incentives properties than the E rule. But, unlike the E rule, it can be wildly multivalued, admits no selection continuous in the utility and endowment parameters, and is harder to compute. Thus in the division of bads, unlike that of goods, no rule normatively dominates the other.

Добавлено: 18 июня 2018