Трансформация исследований и разработок в России.
The way researchers in the arts and humanities disciplines work has changed significantly. Research can no longer be done in isolation as an increasing number of digital tools and certain types of knowledge are required to deal with research material. Research questions are scaled up and we see the emergence of new infrastructures to address this change. The DigitAl Research Infrastructure for the Arts and Humanities (DARIAH) is an open international network of researchers within the arts and humanities community, which revolves around the exchange of experiences and the sharing of expertise and resources. These resources comprise not only of digitised material, but also a wide variety of born-digital data, services and software, tools, learning and teaching materials. The sustaining, sharing and reuse of resources involves many different parties and stakeholders and is influenced by a multitude of factors in which research infrastructures play a pivotal role. This article describes how DARIAH tries to meet the requirements of researchers from a broad range of disciplines within the arts and humanities that work with (born-)digital research data. It details approaches situated in specific national contexts in an otherwise large heterogeneous international scenario and gives an overview of ongoing efforts towards a convergence of social and technical aspects.
Large deviation rates are obtained for suspension flows over symbolic dynamical systems with a countable alphabet. The method is that of the first author and follows that of Young. A corollary of the main results is a large deviation bound for the Teichm¨uller flow on the moduli space of abelian differentials, which extends earlier work of J. Athreya.
This article explores the relationship between reformatting of Bishkek’s central square “from above” and mosaics of meanings, claims, and practices produced by different social actors “from below” in response to the ongoing transformation of this space. Drawing on narratives of long-term Bishkek residents and recent internal migrants to the city, we investigate commonalities and divergences in their perception of Ala-Too’s changing image. It is shown why the square, despite its planned multifunctionality, does not fulfill the needs of various segments of the city population. We also analyze political meanings of the “emptiness” of the square and the ambivalent public reaction to the ways it is being “filled.” The square becomes a spatial mirror of society—a society that remains in constant flux, searching for social stability and for unifying national symbols, heroes, and slogans.
Вот уже почти четыре года, как регион Ближнего Востока и Северной Африки (БВСА) потрясает очередной «раунд» кризисных явлений. Здесь не прекращаются столкновения на этнической и конфессиональной почве, обостряется противостояние различных группировок. Анализу этих драматических событий и проблем, связанных с их урегулированием, была посвящена состоявшаяся в ноябре 2014 г. в Институте Африки (ИАфр РАН) III научная конференция (предыдущие состоялись в мае 2011 г. и в июне 2013 г.). Было представлено более 20 докладов. Обсуждались вопросы, связанные с обострением социальноэкономических, политических и этноконфессиональных противоречий в регионе БВСА и выход конфликтов на новый уровень; влияние арабского кризиса на ситуацию в африканских странах; пути дальнейшего развития стран региона после событий т.н. «арабской весны».
This paper explores the relationship between socioeconomic factors—particularly, the rate of time preferences and alcohol consumption in Russia. The rate of time preferences shows an individual’s willingness to delay the utility from consumption to future periods of time. The relationship between this rate and indicators of alcohol consumption is examined separately for men and women. We find significant differences in men’s and women’s patterns of consumption of alcohol. Our findings suggest that the rate of time preferences, along with age, educational level, income, place of residence, and health substantially, affects an individual’s decision to drink alcohol. We show that employment status is endogenous to alcohol consumption and that estimating a system of binary equations is necessary.
The paper analyzes the impact of nighttime alcohol trade restrictions in regions of Russia on the consumption of alcoholic beverages. Evaluation has been carried out based on the regional Rosstat data and individual data of the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey by the HSE for 2009–2010. Econometric analysis has revealed a positive correlation between the amount of consumed alcohol and the duration of the allowed time for alcohol sales in the region. In addition, it has been found that night restrictions are more efficient than morning restrictions in the context of a decrease in alcohol consumption. The obtained results indicate the expediency of further tightening of the restrictive policy.
Von Gercen zu erzählen, heißt zu verstehen, wie sich die radikale Bewegung in Rußland entwickelte, das heißt das Zentrum, den Sinn, die Widersprüche der russischen Kultur bis zu den zwei Revolutionen von 1917 zu begreifen.