An attempt to critically analyze the claims of the theory of self-organization of complex systems (synergetics) to the interdisciplinary generalizations and the universal efficacy of its models is made in the paper. The grounds of transfer of synergetic models to different disciplinary fields are under discussion. It is argued that synergetics is rather a mental scheme or a heuristic approach to exploring the complex behavior of systems, than a universal key to solving concrete scientific problems. Some prospects of development and the possible future of synergetics within the next decades are estimated.
Статья описывает семиотический подход к исследованию текстов корпуса западного эзотеризма, разработанный известным итальянским семиотиком Умберто Эко.
The article treats oral poetry originating from the Jbala area (northern Morocco). It discusses the essential characteristics of the genres of the Jbala tradition: poetic and musical structure and performance sequence. The article also offers the reader to have a glimpse at the rich poetic vocabulary of the Jbala poetry.
This article aims at investigating the conceptual course of sign-significance-representation throughout different philosophical moments, because it becomes fundamental for the understanding of the scientific development of the processes of signification.
The title of this article unites two rather important notions – “macroevolution” and “the World System”. Those notions are used by different theories but they are intrinsically connected. We understand social macroevolution as a term denoting an important dimension of social evolution that includes a series of the most significant evolutionary transformations. It appears important to emphasize that the World System genesis and a series of its subsequent transformations can be regarded as nodal elements of the social macroevolutionary process. What is more, the World System formation was not only the most important result of all the preceding socioevolutionary macroprocesses, it was also a sort of borderline, beyond which it is totally necessary to distinguish the social macroevolution as a special suprasocietal component of social evolution (that is the one that does not pertain exclusively to any particular society). The main characteristics of macroevolution, such as irreversibility and directionality are manifested in the World System transformations.
Already within the framework of the principle of phenomenological intentionality, one is dealing with the existence of a certain inevitable intertwining of the perspective and the object upon which this perspective is directed, or, in other words, the intertwining of the object of consciousness and that of which one is conscious is guaranteed, as is their initial unity. If we try to apply to consciousness any ‘type’ of relationship or subject–object schemes, then we immediately come up against paradoxes. It is impossible to determine consciousness by means of subject–object, not only because it is not an object, nor a subject, but also because consciousness inevitably turns out to be “prior” to all other similar distinctions. Therefore consciousness is not an object that can be enumerated or related to some other object. It cannot be separated from us; we cannot step aside from it or distance ourselves from it, for consciousness is non-spatial.