To solve problems of demand management in terms of smart energy systems (Smart grid), we need a mathematical model of active consumer decision-making. Existing models either do not consider important aspects of consumer behavior, or are too complex for use in multi-agent simulation. A mathematical model of an active consumer is proposed, based on which we formulate and solve the problem of optimization of electrical appliances and consumer equipment, as well as determine the loading conditions of self-generation, under which the consumer problem allows simple and effective solution. The proposed approach is illustrated by equipment optimization of a single household.
The generality of synergetic principles of the processes of autowave self-organization in active medium makes it possible to apply the model, which describes the evolving physicochemical and biophysical systems and is based on the modified system of Fitz-Hue-Nagumo equations, to describe the spatiotemporal behavior of the stock market with its most used pattern such as propagating Elliott waves.
Анализ актуальных изменений трудового законодательства РФ
В статье рассмотрены актуальные изменения действующего трудового законодательства и законодательства РФ о социальном обеспечении
Рассмотрены актуальные изменения в трудовом законодательстве и в законодательстве о социальном обеспечении РФ
В статье рассматриваются актуальные изменения действующего трудового законодательства РФ и законодательства о социальном обеспечении
В статье рассмотрены актуальные изменения трудового законодательства и законодательства о социальном обеспечении в РФ
Статья посвящена тому, как и по какой причине Джон Фишер использовал в полемике с Жаком Лефевром шутки, казавшиеся современникам слишкам жестокими. История идей + архетипическая психология.
We construct a curve in the unstable foliation of an Anosov diffeomorphism such that the holonomy along this curve is defined on all of the corresponding stable leaves.
The cell membrane is "stuffed" with proteins, whose transmembrane (TM) helical domains spontaneously associate to form functionally active complexes. For a number of membrane receptors, a modulation of TM domains' oligomerization has been shown to contribute to the development of severe pathological states, thus calling for detailed studies of the atomistic aspects of the process. Despite considerable progress achieved so far, several crucial questions still remain: How do the helices recognize each other in the membrane? What is the driving force of their association? Here, we assess the dimerization free energy of TM helices along with a careful consideration of the interplay between the structure and dynamics of protein and lipids using atomistic molecular dynamics simulations in the hydrated lipid bilayer for three different model systems - TM fragments of glycophorin A, polyalanine and polyleucine peptides. We observe that the membrane driven association of TM helices exhibits a prominent entropic character, which depends on the peptide sequence. Thus, a single TM peptide of a given composition induces strong and characteristic perturbations in the hydrophobic core of the bilayer, which may facilitate the initial "communication" between TM helices even at the distances of 20-30 Å. Upon tight helix-helix association, the immobilized lipids accommodate near the peripheral surfaces of the dimer, thus disturbing the packing of the surrounding. The dimerization free energy of the modeled peptides corresponds to the strength of their interactions with lipids inside the membrane being the lowest for glycophorin A and similarly higher for both homopolymers. We propose that the ability to accommodate lipid tails determines the dimerization strength of TM peptides and that the lipid matrix directly governs their association. © 2015 American Chemical Society.