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Статья

Pre-commercial procurement, procurement of innovative solutions and innovation partnerships in EU: rationale and strategy

Iossa E., Biagi F., Valbonesi P.

We consider alternative European public procurement mechanisms for acquiring RD (ii) degree of specificity of the innovation; (iii) role of SMEs in the market and level of market competition; (iv) risk of market foreclosure and supplier lock-in. This article contributes to the literature on incentives in demand-side innovation policy by tapping into the contractual design features and by offering relevant implications for academics and policy makers.