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Статья

Acting Contrary to Rationality and Instincts: the Inherent Similarity of Dostoevsky’s “Self-will” and Max Scheler’s “Spirit”

Journal of Comparative Literature and Aesthetics. 2016. Vol. 39. No. 1-2. P. 19-32.

Acting rationally and consistently with the demands of biological instincts seems to be the overall norm for humans. Still, there are thinkers who have shown that in a deeper sense, this is not an absolute norm at all and there are exclusions that should be taken into account if we wish to understand the true nature of a human. These thinkers, in particular, are Fyodor Dostoevsky (1821-1881) and Max Scheler (1874 - 1928). In this article, I depict the peculiarities of each of the authors’ views on freedom of will and action, and, at the same time, I will show that their ideas are implicitly similar. Dostoevsky did not know Scheler, of course; it is likely that Scheler read some of Dostoevsky’s work, although Scheler does not cite him.