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Статья

The future of Russian science through the prism of public policy

Foresight. 2016. Vol. 18. No. 3. P. 320-339.

Purpose.  During the last decade Russian federal authorities have tried to build an effective national innovation system, strongly emphasizing a well-functioning science sector. The purpose of this paper is to look at future developments of Russian science from the perspective of recent policies and their perceptions by Russian scientists. Special emphasis is placed on the so-called ‘efficient contracts’ policy for researchers which should make the remuneration system of public R&D organizations more competitive.

Design/methodology/approach.   The paper examines the results of an extensive survey of almost 1500 Russian scientists and managers at universities and public research organizations conducted by the authors in 2013 as well as recent statistical data and policy documents.

Findings.  The paper concludes that some of the ambitious S&T goals set by the government will be hard to achieve in the next decade. The scientific landscape is likely to experience certain structural changes but will probably face many of the existing problems. Improvements in overall R&D performance will largely depend on how well the ‘efficient contracts’ policy is implemented.

Originality/value. The future development of Russian science is discussed based on major recent policy documents and the opinions of Russian scientists. The findings might be important for policy makers not only in Russia but other countries as well.